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Contents of Volume One

US-Russian Lab-to-Lab Nuclear Cooperation Timeline

xiii

Foreword 

Charles B. Curtis

xix

Preface

Siegfried S. Hecker, Editor

xxi

A Guide to the Reader

Siegfried S. Hecker

xxv

Overview

29

Doomed to Cooperate: How American and Russian Scientists Joined Forces to Avert Some of the Greatest Post-Cold War Nuclear Dangers 

Siegfried S. Hecker

31

A Conversation with Lev Dmitrievich Ryabev

Siegfried S. Hecker

53

A Conversation with Academician Nikolai Nikolaevich Ponomarev-Stepnoy

Siegfried S. Hecker and Alla Kassianova

65

From Collaboration to Partnership

Rady I. Ilkaev

71

 

SECTION I • Laying the Foundation for Cooperation

75

Introduction

Siegfried S. Hecker

77

 

Chapter 1 • The Joint Verification Experiment 

83

The Joint Verification Experiment and the Nuclear Testing Talks   

Ambassador C. Paul Robinson

85

Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the Nuclear Weapons Institutes of the USSR and USA for the Joint Verification Experiment

Nikolai P. Voloshin

99

On the First Soviet-American Joint Verification Experiment

Ryurik F. Trunin

109

Chapter 2 • Lab Directors Exchange Visits

119

On Meeting with the Directors of LANL and LLNL in 1992

Rady I. Ilkaev

121

A Conversation with Siegfried S. Hecker

125

Remembrances of the Visit of United States National Laboratory Delegation  to Russia in February 1992

George H. Miller

135

Reflections on the 1992 Laboratory Directors’ Exchange Visit to Los Alamos

Dennis J. Erickson

139

My Recollections of the Beginning of the Lab-to-Lab Programs

William H. Dunlop

145

Side by Side as Equals: Forging Scientific Collaborations  between VNIIEF and Los Alamos

Stephen M. Younger

151

Sandia National Laboratories and the Cooperative  Measures Program with Russia

John Taylor

157

 

SECTION II • Nuclear Weapons

165

Introduction

Siegfried S. Hecker

167

 Chapter 3 • WSSX: Warhead Safety and Security Exchange

173

Nuclear Warhead Safety and Security: An Overview

Paul C. White and K. David Nokes

175

 

A Roundtable Discussion on the Warhead Safety and Security Exchange Agreement between the Russian Federation and the United States  

197

Collaboration under WSSX: A VNIIA Perspective

German A. Smirnov and Andrey S. Sviridov

223

 

Some Personal Observations

German A. Smirnov

233

 

TOBOS—A Nuclear Warhead Container Security System

Greg Man, Andrey Sviridov, and Konstantin Zimovets

237

 

 WSSX Cooperation at RFNC-VNIITF

Rodion I. Voznyuk

247

 

 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and WSSX

 Jefferey H. Richardson

257

 

Russian-American Workshop on the Safety of Nuclear Weapons Dismantlement

John Ruminer

263

 

 On International Cooperation in Nuclear Weapons Safety

 Vladimir A. Afanasiev

269

 

Roundtable Reflections on the WSSX Agreement

283

SECTION III • Nuclear Materials

289

 Introduction

 Siegfried S. Hecker

291

 

Chapter 4 • Materials Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A)  Rosatom

297

 Challenges for MPC&A for the Russian Nuclear Complex

Siegfried S. Hecker

 

299

Origins of the Lab-to-Lab MPC&A Program

Mark F. Mullen

303

Roundtable Discussion with Selected US Participants in the MPC&A  Collaboration with Russia

319

Q&A Roundtable: A Russian Perspective on MPC&A Collaboration

Vladimir I. Yuferev and Georgy M. Skripka 

335

Activities in VNIIEF on Nuclear Materials Protection,  Control, and Accounting

Vladimir I. Yuferev, Vladimir D. Viktorov, Stanislav S. Zhikharev,   and Georgy M. Skripka

339

Russian-American Collaboration on Upgrading the RFNC-VNIITF Facilities  and Nuclear Materials Protection, Control, and Accounting

Yuri I. Churikov

347

International Collaboration in the Field of Accounting, Control, and Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials and Facilities

Leonid A. Kochankov and Alexander S. Lavrentiev

359

Material Control & Accountability

Andrey S. Sviridov

363

Russian–American MPC&A Cooperation at the Institute  of Physics and Power Engineering

Gennady M. Pshakin 

369

An Interview with Academician N. N. Ponomarev-Stepnoy.  Reflecting on Russian-US Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear  Materials Security and Safeguards

Siegfried S. Hecker and Alla Kassianova

377

Russian-American Cooperation on Building the Russian Fissile  Material Storage Facility at the Production Association Mayak

Vladimir I. Yuferev and F. Jeffrey Martin

387

Concluding Remarks on Materials Protection, Control,  and Accounting Cooperation

Siegfried S. Hecker

397

 Chapter 5 • Russian Military MPC&A Cooperation

403

Nuclear Security Cooperation between the Russian Military and the US Department of Energy and Its National Laboratories

Siegfried S. Hecker, Alla A. Kassianova, and Niko I. Milonopoulos

405

From Lab-to-Lab to the Russian Navy

Mark F. Mullen

411

A Conversation with Academician Nikolai N. Ponamarev-Stepnoy on Russian Navy Materials Protection, Control, and Accounting

Siegfried S. Hecker and Alla A. Kassianova

417

Roundtable: American Participants in the Materials Protection,  Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) Collaboration  with the Russian Military

421

Roundtable Discussion of Cooperation on Materials Protection, Control, and Accounting with the Russian Ministry of Defense

435

Chapter 6 • Trilateral Cooperation to Secure Nuclear Materials at the Former Soviet Nuclear Test Site at Semipalatinsk

443

Trilateral Cooperation to Secure Nuclear Materials at the Former Soviet Nuclear Test Site at Semipalatinsk: Introduction

Siegfried S. Hecker

445

The Semipalatinsk Project: A Trilateral Cooperation to Secure Fissile Materials at the Former Soviet Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site

Siegfried S. Hecker

451

The Semipalatinsk Project: A  Los Alamos Scientist’s Perspective

Philip H. Hemberger

473

Liquidation of the Consequences of Nuclear Tests at the Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) in Trilateral Collaboration (Russian Federation, Republic  of Kazakhstan, United States

Viktor S. Stepanyuk

481

Cooperation in Demilitarization of the Former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site  

Alexander  N. Scherbina

507

Kazakhstan Semipalatinsk Test Site: A Turning Point

Kairat K. Kadyrzhanov

511

Biographical Information for US and Russian Contributors

515

Glossary of Important Acronyms, Terms, and Organizations

529

 

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